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Can You Install Your Own Septic System

Can You Install Your Own Septic System – The phrase “I built this house” has a completely different meaning here in rural Indiana. No, it doesn’t mean you paid someone to build your house. Instead, it means you know the inner workings of floor joists and nail guns. In Goshen, when things break down, instead of going to the Yellow Pages, people usually go to the local hardware store to find the parts and tools they need.

The same attitude applies to the installation of a septic system. People often ask me if they can install their own septic system (usually a backup system). After a careful pause, I offer a thoughtful and well-articulated recommendation.

Can You Install Your Own Septic System

Can You Install Your Own Septic System

If you are not skilled and familiar with heavy machinery, I recommend contacting a local professional to get the job done right. However, if you regularly use a backhoe or excavator (or a friend or family member does), you can adopt a colorful nickname like “Toilet Joe” or “Smelly Ray” and temporarily join the fraternity.

Rights Vs. Regulations: When It Comes To Septic System Codes, Property Rights Remain A Big Barrier

Installing a septic system is first and foremost about keeping yourself and those around you safe. Sure, the mini excavator at the center of Rent-It looks like twice as much fun as the newest game on your Wii, but it can be disabled or killed in seconds. This is one of the many reasons I recommend not installing your own system. These things are best left to the professionals. Also, it is impossible to properly mark all utilities before making assemblies! Call 811 (or call other utilities in your area) to dial all utilities. These services are almost always free and legal. You will be responsible for clicking any utility, so check it and avoid it. Also note that these utility dialing companies generally do not dial private service lines. See the 811 website for details.

Gravity is a miraculous force. It keeps your feet firmly on the ground, but it also has some annoying features. As gravity pulls the stomach closer to the ground each year, it also acts on the soil on the sidewalls of the newly dug pit, resulting in depressing cavities. It’s wonderful, but more importantly, it’s very dangerous. This is soil

Heavy If you get in the way of the leg, you are more likely to break it. The stronger the soil and the deeper the excavation, the more dangerous the caves. So be careful out there!

Some septic systems, such as sand mounds, can be complicated to install even for experienced excavators. Again, if your yard requires a mound system, installation is best left to an experienced installer.

Should I Convert From A Septic System To A Sewer System

Now, let’s say you are trying to install a typical gravity flow septic system. Let’s say you’ve decided that installing your own septic system is right for you because you’re a member of the Hoosier Militia or your brother “borrowed” a backhoe from the State Highway Department for the weekend. .

If you live in Indiana, the first thing you should do is refer to my Indiana Septic System Procedure Guide. The main steps are:

Once you’ve determined your septic system needs, it’s time to get a septic design (septic plan).

Can You Install Your Own Septic System

Installation mistakes, such as trenches that are too deep, using the wrong pipe layout or slope, can be expensive and time-consuming to correct. The last thing you want is the same local health department inspector who tried to talk you out of installing your own system, “I told you so!”

Septic System Construction Permit

By following the correct septic design, installation headaches will be eliminated. My septic designs are often used by DIYers to properly install their own systems. They are drawn on 18″ x 24″ paper, marked on site and backed up by phone support six days a week to ensure smooth and successful installations.

Design allows you to navigate through the permitting/plan submission process (where others may wander for weeks reviewing plans).

In addition to tools or a small track spade (with a 2-3 meter wide bucket), you will also need some small tools and equipment.

Supplies for your installation may include: You can purchase many of these items from your local precast concrete (septic tank manufacturer):

How Much Does A Septic Tank Cost? A Guide To Septic Systems (2023)

Be sure to check with your local health department to find out what inspections are required and when they can be performed. Find out what the Department of Health expects for testing. Should all newly installed pits be left open for inspection or is it okay to partially cover them? Does all piping have to be visible with ASTM grades or is it ok to cover the pipes?

If possible, be present when the health department inspects. Having a very cute dog will help you get an approval letter from the health department.

Be sure to fill around the chamber as recommended by the chamber manufacturer. A bad backfill job will result in weeds in your garden and an angry spouse.

Can You Install Your Own Septic System

Your job isn’t done until you’ve installed your grass cover. Topping off your system with a thick, light soil will help new grass grow. Some prefer hydro-seeding. Although more expensive, it will save you labor and ensure faster growing grass.

How To Install A Septic System: 10 Steps (with Pictures)

Now that you have a “new” septic system, be sure to read up on how to care for it! A well-maintained septic system is trouble-free and the homeowner doesn’t have to think too much about it. Here’s how to keep it.

In most urban environments, when you flush a toilet, the waste is taken to a sewage treatment plant. This plant separates the waste into water that is clean enough to be discharged into the river and is called residual waste. Waste is landfilled or used as fertilizer.

In some areas where there are no sewage treatment plants, septic systems do a very similar job, but on a much smaller scale. Wastewater leaves the house and flows into an underground septic tank, usually 20-50 meters from the house, where the treatment process begins.

Septic tanks are made of concrete or heavy plastic and usually have a capacity of 1000 to 2000 liters.

Green Tip: How To Maintain Your Septic Tank Without Chemicals

The tank consists of two chambers, separated by a partial wall. Waste from the house flows into the great room. Solids settle at the bottom, and liquids pass through the partial wall into a second, smaller chamber. Anaerobic bacteria in nature digest solids, turning them into water, carbon dioxide, and a small fraction of indigestible material.

In the second chamber there is an outlet pipe where the liquid (called effluent) from the tank goes to the discharge or leaching area. There, waste flows into the ground through a series of perforated pipes or perforated plastic structures called galleries. Pipes or galleries are placed in gravel beds to help disperse the liquid.

As the waste filters out, the soil absorbs residual bacteria and particles so that when the water reaches aquifers deep underground, it is pure enough to drink. Septic fields are usually a foot or two below the surface to keep runoff away from people and pets, but not too deep because large amounts of water run off from the overgrown grass through evaporation or transpiration.

Can You Install Your Own Septic System

Septic fields need the right type of soil. Sandy soils that drain quickly may not treat runoff well. In these cases, before the soil is installed, a deep excavation is done and it is filled with engineered soil that provides the necessary filtration.

How To Install And Care For A Leach Field

In other cases, native soils with high clay or silt content do not drain well enough. In these cases, mound systems are constructed where an engineered fill is placed over the original soil and a septic field is introduced on top of the mound. The mound is covered with soil and overgrown with grass, and excess water escapes through evaporation and evaporation.

Most septic systems rely on gravity to move liquid from the house to a tank on the farm.

Sometimes, however, the slope of the plot requires the tank or field to be higher than the house. It requires one pump, or sometimes two pumps.

If the tank is above the house, the grinder pump that liquefies the solids will be placed in the basement or crawl space pit of the house. If a pump is required between the tank and the field, it will be in an underground hole inserted through the hole in the lawn.

On Site Sewage

Sump pumps are basically heavy duty sump pumps. When emissions from the pit rise to a certain level, the float activates a switch that turns on the pump and drains the pit.

Most of the time, you don’t need to do anything to keep your septic system healthy, other than mowing the top and keeping the drainage area clear of trees and shrubs that can constrict their roots.

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