Languages To Learn For Android App Development – Summary: With so many Android programming languages, what makes one better than the other? Discover the best programming language for your next Android app.
Android is a mobile operating system (OS) first released in 2008 by Google and is now supported by a wide range of device manufacturers such as Google, Samsung, Sony, Nokia and many others. Android powers smartphones and tablets, with more than three billion active users, the largest base of any operating system – three times the number of active Apple iPhones, for example – and captures 69.74% of the mobile operating system market in Worldwide.
Languages To Learn For Android App Development
With the rapid growth of Android and enterprise mobile application development in general, an increasing number of existing and future software developers are looking into Android application development. While the industry continues to change as new technologies emerge and trends change, Android app development today primarily involves knowledge of two main languages (Java and Kotlin) – but that only scratches the surface.
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Keep reading this guide to learn more about language options for Android apps and why there’s more to know than Java and Kotlin.
Along with the languages used to develop native Android apps, there are several languages that can be used to develop cross-platform apps – apps that work on both Android and other platforms like iOS. But what is the difference between native and cross-platform application development?
The native app development approach builds custom apps for the specific capabilities of that platform or device. It provides a seamless user experience for performance and visuals. However, the app produced by the cross-platform development method caters to a wide range of brand followers by addressing multiple devices for a single app. Although the cost of development is lower than the native methodology, there may be performance lag here. Cross-platform apps may not access all device APIs or meet each device’s UI expectations. The process uses frameworks such as React Native, Flutter or Xamarin, which guide the languages used.
What languages are Android apps written in? What is the best programming language for creating Android apps? The main programming languages for writing Android apps include:
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Java is one of two official Android application programming languages and was the main language until Kotlin came along.
Java continues to be one of the top languages in Android application development because it’s stable and secure, it supports multi-threading, it’s portable, and it’s great for complex architectures – a big plus for many developers today. While this is true, Java does come with some performance drawbacks.
Google announced the switch to Kotlin as the official language in 2017, reflecting Apple’s preference for Swift, both simpler languages and extensive libraries that make them easy to learn and use.
Kotlin is a typed language that can run in the Java virtual machine. It is an open source, multipurpose, and pragmatic computer programming language that combines acquisition and functional programming features with the aim of enabling faster compilation.
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As an effective solution due to its speed, accuracy, flexibility, security and stability, many brands are now switching to Kotlin for their Android apps, including Basecamp, Pinterest, Netflux and Uber.
While Kotlin is the new kid on the market, the Android Native Development Kit (NDK) allows the use of C/C++, both of which are highly portable across operating systems.
C++ is a more generic, object-oriented language that supports dynamic memory allocation to make it faster – particularly useful for CPU-intensive applications like games. Many software developers use C++ for cross-platform development or for native Java or Kotlin application development.
For developers with C++ experience, support for C++ lowers the barrier to entry into Android development. However, C++ is not flexible enough to build the entire application and can make an application more buggy and inflexible if it is too much.
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C# is a .NET programming language developed by Microsoft and supported by Visual Studio, considered a “core” language because it performs well and can be used for a variety of projects. C# is based on object-oriented programming, which makes it possible to build the application more easily and support easier management.
Lua is a lightweight scripting language that has a huge following in game and UI development. Lua is an embeddable language, which makes it possible to use Lua for Android or for cross-platform development with the help of an engine like Solar2D.
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Python is a high-level, object-oriented, interpreted programming language with dynamic semantics – meaning that it is an easy-to-use programming language that can help speed up development time and comes with a large open source community and Robust frameworks and libraries. .
The Python programming language can be used for Android development through the use of third-party tools that convert Python applications into Android packages. Python applications are known for their highest memory consumption.
As the demand for Android apps increases, so does the demand for skilled Android developers. To be a strong developer, it’s good to know a little about the different languages that can be used for Android development, but to know one or two very well. Not every tool is right for every situation, so the more you know, the stronger your contribution as a developer.
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Learning an Android app language takes time and effort, on average 3-4 months for general knowledge to over 1 year for a firmer grasp of the language – ideally with some experience to go along with that knowledge. However, for more experienced programmers, this learning time is greatly accelerated.
Android application programming languages like Java, Kotlin, C++ and others can be learned in a school environment, through an online course, with the help of books or through many useful development communities. For anyone looking to learn Kotlin, the official website is a good place to start.
Most Android apps are written in Java and Kotlin. In some cases, programming languages such as C, C++ and Basic are used.
C++ can be used in Android application development in rare cases, especially when you plan to create native Android applications. It’s because C++ is less flexible and very difficult to configure, and as a result it can lead to more bugs. Java is generally preferred over C++.
Android App Development
Although Java is the official Android programming language, not all apps are written in it. Most developers also use BASIC and Kotlin. In some rare cases, C++ can also be used.
Java is the easiest language for Android development as the Android operating system was developed in it. As a result, you can easily develop your Android apps without worrying about compatibility and other issues. Furthermore, Java is faster and more readable than Python and other languages because of its easy-to-understand syntax.
Google offers native development kits (NDK) that use native languages like C and C++ for Android development. But you can’t build an entire Android app with C or C++. You need to learn Java.
Net Solutions is a strategic design and build consultancy that unites creative design thinking and agile software development under one expert roof. Founded in 2000, we create award-winning digital transformation products and platforms for startups and enterprises around the world. The intent of this guide is to give you an idea of the Android development landscape and to help guide your learning if you are confused. Before you begin, please remember that this is an opinion and you may have a different opinion than the author. And we’d love to hear your views and incorporate them if appropriate.
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