Which Of The Following Is Not A Renewable Natural Resource

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Which Of The Following Is Not A Renewable Natural Resource

Which Of The Following Is Not A Renewable Natural Resource

Feature papers represent the most advanced research in the field with a high potential for high impact. Effective papers are submitted by personal invitation or consultation with scientific editors and are peer-reviewed before publication.

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A feature paper can be an original research article, a seminal novel study that often involves multiple techniques or methods, or a review paper complete with a brief and to-the-point update on recent advances in a scientific field. Literature Such papers provide insight into future research directions or potential applications.

Editors’ Choice articles are based on recommendations from scientific editors of journals around the world. The editors select a small number of recently published articles in the journal that they believe are of particular interest to readers, or important in relevant research areas. The objective is to provide a snapshot of the most interesting work published in the various research areas of the journal.

Ram avatar,

Key Laboratory of Coastal and Wetland Ecosystems (Xiamen University), Ministry of Education, College of Ecology and Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China

Sources Of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Received: 30 June 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 15 August 2019 / Published: 19 August 2019

Renewable energy has gained attention in the past few decades. This is partly due to the depletion of fossil fuels and the increasing demand for energy due to the growing world population. This paper attempts to give an idea of ​​what researchers have done in the field of remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS) to explore renewable energy resources to achieve a sustainable future. Several studies related to renewable energy resources. Geothermal energy, wind energy, hydropower, biomass and solar energy are discussed in this paper. The focus of this review paper is to determine the utility of remote sensing and GIS based techniques in exploring optimal locations for renewable energy resources. This paper includes several case studies from around the world that use such techniques to explore renewable energy resource sites. Although remote sensing and GIS techniques used to explore renewable energy resources may seem to be the most effective on their own, it is important to note that in reality, a combination of different techniques is more effective. Assignment Throughout the paper, many issues related to the use of remote sensing and GIS for renewable energy are discussed from current and future perspectives and possible solutions are proposed. The authors believe that the findings and recommendations from the study and the literature reviewed in the current study will be valuable to renewable energy scientists and policy makers.

Non-renewable energy resources based on fossil fuels like coal, oil, natural gas and oil are widely used in manufacturing industries like electricity, transportation, heating and more. However, non-renewable energy resources are decreasing due to increasing energy demand due to population growth [1, 2, 3]. With the recognition and scientific consensus about the dangers of climate change, the need to shift away from fossil fuels and towards renewables has come into focus in recent years [4]. Therefore, it is necessary to find alternative sources of energy, because there will always be a need for energy. The share of renewable energy resources in the production of electricity, heating and transport in urban areas has increased significantly [5]. This paper focuses on five types of renewable energy resources. geothermal, wind, biomass, hydroelectric and solar (Figure 1).

Which Of The Following Is Not A Renewable Natural Resource

Geothermal energy is considered an environmentally viable option. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources, climate change may not have a significant negative impact on the reliability of geothermal energy, but widespread use of geothermal energy may play an important role. Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions [6]. Additionally, modern reservoir management technologies, along with continuous natural replenishment of heat from ground processes, ensure the sustainable use of such geothermal systems. Geothermal energy is physically generated from heat, which primarily comes from the decay of naturally occurring radioactive isotopes on Earth. This internal thermal combustion is estimated to generate a total of 1.3 × 10 thermal energy at a depth of 10 km.

Electricity From Renewable Energy Sources Is Now Cheaper Than Ever

Oil barrels [7]. Given that total global energy consumption is about 100 million barrels of oil equivalent per day, geothermal energy could theoretically supply six million years of energy needs [8]. Geothermal resources can be broadly divided into three categories: hydrothermal or convective systems, conduit systems, and deep water. Hydrothermal (convective) systems can be steam- or water-dominant [9]. Surface features include hot springs, fumaroles, and chemically altered rocks. Sometimes, there is no such surface view. Contemporaneous systems include hot rocks and igneous resources, and deep waters contain mobile fluids in porous media at depths greater than 3 km, but lack local magmatic heat sources. Electricity can be generated by using steam or secondary hydrocarbon steam to drive turbine-generators to generate electricity. Currently, geothermal energy accounts for about 0.4% of the world’s global energy production, with a growth rate of 5%. In contrast, solar energy currently provides less than 0.2% of global energy production, but its growth rate is around 25–30% [10]. Currently, the worldwide installed capacity for geothermal resources is 10,898 MW, which corresponds to about 67,246 GW of electricity [6].

Wind energy, another alternative to fossil fuels, is an abundant, renewable and clean source. Wind power converts wind energy into electricity. Small dry wind farms provide electricity at individual locations. Statistics show that wind energy sources are one of the fastest growing energy sources in the world. From 2000–2006, wind energy sources quadrupled with many new projects in China, the United States, and Denmark, among other countries [11, 12]. The feasibility of a wind energy project depends on the location of the project. An accurate pre-investment assessment helps predict project outcomes and reduces uncertainty [13]. The main determinants of wind energy project success are wind power density, mean sea level elevation, land topography, connectivity through road networks, proximity to power grids and distance from protected areas [14]. Depending on the location, wind farms are divided into two categories. in seas and oceans [15]. Onshore wind farms are commonly referred to as dry farms. Land topography and surface roughness are considered for wind farm projects. Proximity to delivery and road networks is also considered. For offshore wind farms, satellite images are mainly analyzed to verify location and height feasibility [16]. Satellite details set guidelines for further decision-making in wind farm projects.

Along with satellite imagery, Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR), Sonic Detection and Ranging (SODAR), and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) are widely used in wind farms. The use of remote sensing helps to optimize the mast-based sensor deployment process [17]. Wind farms located in lakes, rivers and seas are called offshore wind farms. In offshore wind farms, assets must be qualified before the farm can be financed. Remote sensing in offshore wind energy can be used in three different ways: ground-based, airborne and satellite-based. Wind-based techniques are used when large wind turbines are to be installed and meteorological masts do not allow observation through the plane of the rotor [18]. It is usually used at a height of about 100 m to 200 m above the ground [19].

Perennial biomass crops and fast-growing non-food crops can provide sustainable bioenergy production [20]. Biomass refers to biological material derived from living animals or plants. It is one of the most widely used energy sources in less industrialized and least developed countries [21]. Biomass 35% and

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